STEM/Technology‎ > ‎

February 5, 2019

posted Feb 5, 2019, 1:20 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Feb 5, 2019, 1:23 PM ]

Montgolfier Brothers

Built the World’s First Hot Air Balloon in 1783 in France

Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier

1745 - 1799

Joseph-Michel Montgolfier

1740 - 1810

The modern era of flight lifted off in 1783

when two brothers demonstrated their invention, the hot-air balloon, before a crowd of dignitaries in Annonay, France. Joseph-Michael and Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier, prosperous paper manufacturers (a high-tech industry at the time), began experimenting with lighter-than-air devices after observing that heated air flowing directed into a paper or fabric bag made the bag rise.

Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier

First Piloted Balloon Flight November 21, 1783

Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier was a French chemistry and physics teacher, and one of the first pioneers of aviation. He and François Laurent d'Arlandes made the first manned free balloon flight on 21 November 1783, in a Montgolfier balloon.

How do Hot Air Balloons Work?